With more than 12 centuries of history, the Marian Shrines contain the faith, spirituality and identity of the European continent. Discover the most important events and dates in its history.

748

Altötting

Altötting is mentioned for the first time with the name “Autingas” in an official historical document.

835

Einsiedeln

St. Meinrad arrives at the«Finster Wald» (Dark Forest) from Etzel.

861

Einsiedeln

St. Meinrad is killed by two robbers.

865

Altötting

King Karlmann, great-grandchild of Charlemagne moves his seat of government from Regensburg to Ötting and rules here as King of Bavaria and Italy and erects the first basilica.

934

Einsiedeln

The Benedictine Monastery is founded by Blessed Eberhard.

1157

Mariazell

A monk by the name of Magnus arrives with present statue of the Virgin Mary.  He erects the first chapel, or “cella” in latin. The name Mariazell “Mary in the cell” derives from its description.

1220

Czestochowa

First mention of Częstochowa in historical record.

1294

Loreto

The Santa Casa di Maria arrived on the hill of Loreto in the night between december 9th to 10th.

1315

Loreto

Start of the construction of the city of Loreto.

1330

Altötting

The statue of our Lady was brought to Altötting.

1340 - 1380

Mariazell

The church is rebuilt in gothic style, funded by Ladislav I, King of Hungary.

1384

Czestochowa

Prince Vladislaus of Opole gifts the miraculous painting of Holy Virgin Mary to Pauline fathers.

1468 - 1587

Loreto

Construction of the Basilica of Loreto.

1489

Altötting

First healing miracle in Altötting attributed to Our Lady of Altötting.

1586

Loreto

Pope Sixtus V elects Loreto as city.

1617

Loreto

First lighting of the fires in the countryside of Loreto, in memory of the night between 9 and 10 December 1294.

1655

Czestochowa

Jasna Góra is besieged by Swedish army which results in massive mobilization of Polish catholics and changes the course of war. Afterwards, Holy Virgin Mary is symbolically crowned as a Queen of Poland by King Jan Kazimierz.

1704

Einsiedeln

Construction of the new monastery begins under Brother Caspar Moosbrugger (monastery originally founded in 934).

1782

Mariazell

Joseph Haydn composes the “Mariazeller Messe” for pilgrims wending their way to Mariazell.

1797

Loreto

Napoleon passes through Loreto: he plunders the treasure contained in the sanctuary and sends the statue of the Madonna to Paris (statue will return to Loreto in 1801).

1798

Einsiedeln

The French occupy Einsiedeln and loot the Monastery.

1826

Czestochowa

Old and New Częstochowa are linked via Holy Virgin Mary avenue, creating modern urban layout of Częstochowa.

1858

Lourdes

Apparitions of a “Lady” to Bernadette Soubirous at the Massabielle Grotto.

1862 - 1871

Lourdes

Building of the first main basilica of the Immaculate Conception.

1883 - 1889

Lourdes

Building of the second main basilica of the Rosary.

1907

Mariazell

“Mariazellerbahn”, a railway to Mariazell is opened for public transport.

1917

Fátima

First Apparition of Our Lady to the three children: Francisco, Jacinta Marto and Lucia dos Santos, in Cova da Iria, with apparitions each month until October, on the 13th.

1917

Fátima

More than 70 thousand people witnessed, in Cova da Iria, Fatima, the “Miracle of the Sun”.

1920

Loreto

Feast for the proclamation of the Madonna of Loreto as  the “Patroness of the Aeronauts”, decreed with anapostolic brief of Pope Benedict XV (24 March 1920).

1933

Lourdes

Canonisation of Bernadette.

1934

Altötting

Canonization of St. Konrad. The tomb of the saint is located in St. Konrad church (Capuchin church).

1941

Loreto

Start of construction of the Holy Stairs, from which you can access the Polish Cemetery, a monument dedicated to the memory of the Polish soldiers who died in Italy during the Second World War.

1942

Fátima

Pope Pius XII consecrated the world to the Immaculate Heart of Mary, on the 25th anniversary of the Apparitions at Fátima.

1948

Mariazell

Due to its religious and spiritual significance to the Austrian population, Mariazell gains city status.

1956 - 1958

Lourdes

Building of the last main basilica underground St Pie X.

1962

Loreto

Visit of Pope John XXIII.

1967

Fátima

Visit of Pope Paul VI.

1979

Loreto

Visit of Pope John Paul II.

1980

Altötting

Visit of Pope John Paul II.

1982

Fátima

Pilgrimage of Pope John Paul II to Fatima, as a thanks for his survival, a year earlier, of an attempt on his life in St. Peter’s Square, Rome.

1983

Lourdes

Visit of Pope John Paul II.

1983

Mariazell

Visit of Pope John Paul II.

1984

Einsiedeln

Visit of Pope John Paul II.

1985

Loreto

Visit of Pope John Paul II.

1991

Czestochowa

Pope John Paul II visits Jasna Góra during World Youth Day.

1991

Fátima

Visit of Pope John Paul II.

1994

Loreto

Visit of Pope John Paul II.

1996

Shrines of Europe

Founding of the Shrines of Europe network.

2000

Fátima

Visit of Pope John Paul II, beatification of Jacinta and Francisco Marto.

2004

Lourdes

Visit of Pope John Paul II.

2004

Loreto

Visit of Pope John Paul II.

2006

Altötting

Visit of Pope Benedict XVI.

2007

Mariazell

Pope Benedict XVI visits Mariazell to celebrate the 850th anniversary of the foundation of the shrine.

2007

Loreto

Visit of Pope Benedict XVI.

2008

Lourdes

Visit of Pope Benedict XVI.

2010

Fátima

Visit of Pope Benedict XVI.

2013

Fátima

Our Lady of Fatima is in Rome, by request of Pope Francis, at the ceremony of consecration of the World to the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

2017

Fátima

Jubilee 100 years of the Apparitions with canonization of Francisco and Jacinta by Pope Francis.

2019

Loreto

Pope Francis visits Loreto by signing the Apostolic Exhortation to young people “Christus Vivit”.

2020

Shrines of Europe

Reorganization of the Shrines of Europe network and formation of the “Shrines of Europe – Association of European Shrine Cities”